You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of April 14, 1912, and that it sunk two hours and forty minutes later. Did you know that there were only two bathtubs on board or that the crew had only seconds to react to the iceberg? These are just a couple of the interesting facts about the Titanic that we’re going to explore.
The Titanic Was Gigantic
The Titanic was supposed to be an unsinkable boat and it was built to monumental scale.
In total, it was 882.5 feet long, 92.5 feet wide, and 175 feet high. It would displace 66,000 tons of water and was the largest ship built up to that point in time.
The Queen Mary cruise ship was built in 1934 and surpassed the Titanic’s length by 136 feet, making it 1,019 feet long. In comparison, The Oasis of the Seas, a luxury liner built in 2010, has a total length of 1,187 feet. That is nearly a football field longer than the Titanic.
The Canceled Lifeboat Drill
Originally, a lifeboat drill was scheduled to take place on board the Titanic on the very day that the ship hit the iceberg. However, for an unknown reason, Captain Smith canceled the drill. Many people believe that had the drill taken place, more lives could have been saved.
Only Seconds to React
From the time the lookouts sounded the alert, the officers on the bridge had only 37 seconds to react before the Titanic hit the iceberg.
In that time, First Officer Murdoch ordered “hard a-starboard” (which turned the ship to port—left). He also ordered the engine room to put the engines in reverse. The Titanic did bank left, but it wasn’t quite enough.
Lifeboats Were Not Full
Not only were there not enough lifeboats to save all 2,200 people on board, most of the lifeboats that were launched were not filled to capacity.
If they had been, 1,178 people might have been rescued, far more than the 705 who did survive.
For instance, the first lifeboat to launch—Lifeboat 7 from the starboard side—only carried 24 people, despite having a capacity of 65 (two additional people later transferred onto it from Lifeboat 5). However, it was Lifeboat 1 that carried the fewest people. It had only seven crew and five passengers (a total of 12 people) despite having a capacity for 40.
Another Boat Was Closer for Rescue
When the Titanic began sending out distress signals, the Californian, rather than the Carpathia, was the closest ship. However, the Californian did not respond until it was much too late to help.
At 12:45 a.m. on April 15, 1912, crew members on the Californian saw mysterious lights in the sky. These were the distress flares sent up from the Titanic and they immediately woke up their captain to tell him. Unfortunately, the captain issued no orders.
Since the ship’s wireless operator had already gone to bed as well, the Californian was unaware of any distress signals from the Titanic until the morning. By then, the Carpathia had already picked up all of the survivors. Many people believe that if the Californian had responded to the Titanic’s pleas for help, many more lives could have been saved.
Two Dogs Rescued
The order was for “women and children first” when it came to the lifeboats. When you factor in that there were not enough lifeboats for everyone on board the Titanic, it is a bit surprising that two dogs made it into the lifeboats. Of the nine dogs on board the Titanic, the two that were rescued were a Pomeranian and a Pekinese.
On April 17, 1912, the day before survivors of the Titanic disaster reached New York, the Mackay-Bennett was sent off from Halifax, Nova Scotia to search for bodies. On board the Mackay-Bennett were embalming supplies, 40 embalmers, tons of ice, and 100 coffins.
Although the Mackay-Bennett found 306 bodies, 116 of them were too badly damaged to take all the way back to shore. Attempts were made to identify each body found. Additional ships were also sent out to look for bodies.
In all, 328 bodies were found, but 119 of these were so severely degraded that they were buried at sea.
The Fourth Funnel
In what is now an iconic image, the side view of the Titanic clearly shows four cream and black funnels. While three of them released steam from the boilers, the fourth was just for show. The designers thought the ship would look more impressive with four funnels rather than three.
Only Two Bathtubs
While the promenade suites in first class had private bathrooms, most passengers on the Titanic had to share bathrooms. Third class had it very rough with only two bathtubs for more than 700 passengers.
The Titanic’s Newspaper
The Titanic seemed to have everything on board, including its own newspaper. The Atlantic Daily Bulletin was printed every day on board the Titanic. Each edition included news, advertisements, stock prices, horse-racing results, society gossip, and the day’s menu.
A Royal Mail Ship
The R.M.S. Titanic was a Royal Mail Ship. This designation meant the Titanic was officially responsible for delivering mail for the British postal service.
On board the Titanic was a Sea Post Office with five mail clerks (two British and three American) who were responsible for the 3,423 sacks of mail (seven million individual pieces). Interestingly, although no mail has yet been recovered from the wreck of the Titanic, if it were, the U.S. Postal Service would still try to deliver it out of duty and because most of the mail was destined to the U.S.
73 Years to Find It
Despite the fact that everyone knew the Titanic sunk and they had an idea of where that happened, it took 73 years to find the wreckage.
Dr. Robert Ballard, an American oceanographer, found the Titanic on September 1, 1985. Now a UNESCO protected site, the ship lays two miles below the ocean’s surface, with the bow nearly 2,000 feet from the ship’s stern.
The Titanic’s Treasures
The “Titanic” movie included “The Heart of the Ocean,” a priceless blue diamond that was supposed to have gone down with the ship. This was just a fictional addition to the story that was likely based on a real-life love story regarding a blue sapphire pendant.
Thousands of artifacts were recovered from the wreckage, however, and many pieces of precious jewelry were included. The majority were auctioned off and sold for some rather incredible prices.
More Than One Movie
Though many of us know of the 1997 movie “Titanic” starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet, it was not the first movie made about the disaster. In 1958, “A Night to Remember” was released that recounted in great detail the ship’s fatal night. The British-made film featured Kenneth More, Robert Ayres, and many other notable actors, with over 200 speaking parts.
There was also the 1953 Twentieth Century Fox production of “Titanic.” This black and white film starred Barbara Stanwyck, Clifton Webb, and Robert Wagner and was centered around a couple’s unhappy marriage. Another “Titanic” movie was produced in Germany and released in 1950.
In 1996, a “Titanic” TV mini-series was produced. The all-star cast included Peter Gallagher, George C. Scott, Catherine Zeta-Jones, and Eva Marie Saint.
It was reportedly a rushed production designed to be released before the famous blockbuster film hit theaters the next year.
Photo Credit: gCaptain